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Requested Library Item

Library ID 115 added 12/7/10
Title The Socio-economic Impact of HIV/AIDS on Children in a Low Prevalence Context: the Case of Senegal
File
Link http://www.unicef-irc.org/research/ESP/aids/chapter4.pdf
Author(s) Niang,Cheikh Ibrahima Van Ufford, Paul Quarles
Document Date 6/1/2002
Document Type
Country/Region Senegal 
Tags  
Summary

This chapter analyses the socio-economic impacts of HIV/AIDS on children in
Senegal as well as the impacts of the response policies implemented by the different actors.
Data were collected at seven research sites across the country, and complemented by a review
of available reports and articles. Their analysis reveals an insignificant nation-wide impact of
HIV/AIDS in sectors of health, education, demography and economy. This is reflected in the
relatively low and stable HIV prevalence rate since the mid-1980s, which may be attributed to
the interplay of a complex set of social and behavioural factor, and a successful policy to fight
against the spread of the disease. The main features of this adequate policy consist of a timely
response, an eagerness to anticipate on new developments, the strategic involvement of
religious and political leaders, effective STD-control programmes, and the construction of
strong responses at the community level. Yet, at the family and individual levels a clear
impact of HIV/AIDS was identified, which could often be related to the specificity of the
disease. For HIV/AIDS-affected families, health care expenses constitute a heavy burden. The
presence of HIV/AIDS in families entails a variety of forms of instability and thus contributes
to unstable and progressively degrading living conditions for children, girls in particular. The
disease was found to explain several forms of matrimonial instability as well as the decline of
social networks over time. Finally, HIV/AIDS appeared to have a strong impact on selfperception,
emotional stability and the construction of individual and family identities, among
adults as well as among children.
 

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