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Requested Library Item

Library ID 123 added 12/7/10
Title The Impact of a Growing HIV/AIDS Epidemic on the Kenyan Children
Author(s) Boniface O. K’Oyugi and Jane Muita
Document Date 6/1/2002
Document Type
Country/Region Kenya 

The results presented in this chapter are based on secondary data from relevant
institutions, three mini surveys and simulation models. HIV prevalence in Kenya increased
from 5.3 percent in 1990 to 13.5 percent in 2002 with the number of children under 5 years
living with HIV growing from 32,000 in 1990 to 106,000 in 2000. The projections based on
the trend data suggest that HIV prevalence will reach a peak to about 14 percent by 2005 and
stabilize at that level.
The analysis shows that prevention programs implemented so far have not been very effective
in changing risky behaviours. The pilot program on reduction of mother to child transmission
needs to be evaluated with a view to scaling it up. Only about 5 percent of seropositive people
have access to antiretroviral drugs due to very high cost. Child welfare indicators are
adversely affected by the epidemic, with an increase of child mortality and orphanhood. The
HIV/AIDS affected households were found to adopt unsustainable coping strategies including
sale of assets. There are limited funds and programs targeting the orphans and the vulnerable
Data from the ministries suggest a slight decline in quantity of education services at the
primary level and a substantial decline of quality at the secondary level and that health
services are being crowded out by HIV/AIDS patients.

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